How to “trust” data that is posted from one application to other

We have a use case where a bunch of data needs to be posted from our application to a partner site where the end user takes some actions and then returns back to our site. On the return, the partner site also posts some data back to us. We need to establish trust for both the redirects.. i.e. the partner site needs to confirm that the data is originated at our end and hasn’t been modified during the transmission nd the same applies for post back from partner site. Our main constraint is that it should be a low cost solution for our partners. Our application is a multi-tenanted app with various partners (dozens). The usecase is applicable for all of them.

One option we looked at is a two step process, where our site posts a unique transaction id to the partner site which then calls a webservice hosted by us to get the complete data. We can secure our webservice using 2-way SSL auth and same goes for the data from the partner site. But the problem with the extra cost involved in creating a webservice at each partner end. This would delay the onboarding of a new partner and increase the cost.

Are there other alternatives to this problem than the PKI based solution?

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Author: RKodakandla