Many Java / JDBC / JPA examples show only how to create DB table(s) if not existing. Like putting the table defintion or DDL in a .sql file, where the program can pick it up and execute on run-time.
But not with the database itself.
How can database be created on the fly?
With JDBC this can be done as a parameter to the URL connection string.
In the example shown below –
The parameter (comes after ?) – createDatabaseIfNotExist – must be set at value of true.
As I recall, this works only after MySQL version 5.1.
Note: SCHEMA is MySQL speak for database. It is common to call that even with other products. Other databases or code implementations may also term it as CATALOG.