Avro – Unions

As a boolean:

	"fieldOne": "hello world",
	"fieldTwo": true,
	"foobar": {
		"boolean": false

If value is null:

	"fieldOne": "hello world",
	"fieldTwo": true,
	"foobar": null

The above is what a field will look like as output where in Avro that field is defined as one of the Complex Types – Unions. Example below, it declares a schema which may be one of null or boolean.

  "type": [

Convert a Map to POJO in Java

How do I convert a Map object to my other plain old Java object (POJO) without going into loops and having to write a class using Java reflection, or some other?


Well, yes, reflection is one but you didn’t want to do that yourself. For some good reason, I bet. It’s a good exercise if you have all the time in the world. But when faced with deadlines and having to write Unit tests for a whole class you wrote, there must be an easier way.

There is more than one way, but what I normally use is the Jackson ObjectMapper. Yes, the same one from the com.fasterxml.jackson library.

Anyway, with ObjectMapper it is pretty straightforward to do so. If I have a Person class like this:

    public class Person {
        private String firstName;
        private String lastName;

My Map object will look like this:

        Map<String, Object> map = new HashMap<>();
        map.put("firstName", "Johnny");
        map.put("lastName", "Foo");

Then with ObjectMapper one can simply do this:

        ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
        Person person = mapper.convertValue(map, Person.class);

Alternatively, the keys in the Map may not align with the fields in the Person class. Well, I usually encounter this when working with JSON objects with lots of crazy looking field names. Something like this – NZT_Mor_First_Name__c – which I clearly don’t want my class field name to be like.

Well, we can use @JsonProperty annotation which is part of Jackson by the way and assign that our class field. The Person class will now look like:

    public class Person {

        private String firstName;

        private String lastName;

Again the Map will hold these values:

        Map<String, Object> map = new HashMap<>();
        map.put("NZT_Mor_First_Name__c", "Jose");
        map.put("NZT_Mor_Last_Name__c", "Yamut");

Now it will map out those weird looking key names to its corresponding class fields.

One thing to note is you might need to set ObjectMapper features such as ignoring unknown properties and make it case insensitive. Allow it a bit more room to wiggle, wiggle.

        ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper()
                .configure(DeserializationFeature.FAIL_ON_UNKNOWN_PROPERTIES, false)

Should I quote Strings in YAML?

Should I or should I not? Is it required? Will it work even without quotes – single or double?


I’ve asked myself these questions several times. Often I end up double-quoting long strings, but not for one word ones or shorter strings. Which makes it rather inconsistent. Especially if that string contains characters like a forward slash, a colon or semi-colon. Like when you have a URL as a value. I suppose it’s out of habit.

Thing is, it is not required. Strings can be quoted or not. There is no difference. It will still work with or without it. Even with spaces in that string. YAML allows it. Below are 2 examples:

phrase: 'The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.'
poem: "Hey, diddle, diddle. The cat and the fiddle. The cow jumped over the moon."

The key part of the key-value pair can also be quoted too. The YAML won’t error out. Again, it’s allowed. So this is valid:

  "bar": foobar

Single quote or double quotes don’t matter. It can be mixed. Above examples are both acceptable.

However, not quoting is not true in all cases. There are certain instances when it is required such as when there is a colon in the key. In this case, the key needs to be quoted.

'key:': value

What about quotes in the value itself?

CORRECT - phrase1: 'The quick ''brown'' fox jumped over the lazy dog.'
WRONG- phrase2: "The quick ""brown"" fox jumped over the lazy dog."
CORRECT - phrase3: "The quick \"brown\" fox jumped over the lazy dog."
WRONG - phrase4: "The quick '"brown"' fox jumped over the lazy dog."
CORRECT - phrase6: The quick 'brown' fox jumped over the lazy dog.
CORRECT - phrase7: The quick "brown" fox jumped over the lazy dog.

Finally, what does YAML mean?

It is short for – YAML Ain’t Markup Language.

How to ignore unknown fields when parsing JSON using Jackson

In Java, there is Jackson 2 library that is very popularly used when reading JSON objects and mapping those values out to a POJO.

Happy path, as long a I have all the fields from the JSON defined in the POJO then okay. In a perfect world it will work 100%.

But there is no perfect world. The JSON object in other scenarios can contain unknown fields. These are not in my POJO. Application fails from reading that JSON to POJO.

Getting this error:

Exception in thread "main" com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.exc.UnrecognizedPropertyException: Unrecognized field "status" (class com.example.dto.Evaluation), not marked as ignorable (6 known properties: "Book",


Use this Jackson annotation at a class level. This has to be configured per class. That should do it. Will ignore any unknown properties silently including nested objects.

@JsonIgnoreProperties(ignoreUnknown = true)

When you are using Jackson ObjectMapper directly, that can be configured to ignore unknown properties globally as well.

ObjectMapper objectMapper = new ObjectMapper();
objectMapper.configure(DeserializationFeature.FAIL_ON_UNKNOWN_PROPERTIES, false);

How to get Json [object Object] type in Jsp?

actually I got that Json from Java to jsp.

dataType :”json”,


this is Jsp Jquery Code.

JsonParser jsonParser = new JsonParser();
JsonObject jsonObject = (JsonObject) jsonParser.parse(json);

this is java code and return jsonObject

Thank you for read

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Author: ์ดํƒœ์œค

How to update the 3rd level of a json

I have a json file that looks like this

    "PL001": {
        "player_name": "Player 1",
        "player_email": "playeremail@email.com",
        "hobbies": {
          "SP001": {
            "sport": "Soccer",
            "positions": {
                "position": "Goalie"
    "PL002": {
      "player_name": "Player 2",
      "player_email": "playeremail2@email.com",
      "hobbies": {
        "SP002": {
          "sport": "Hockey",
          "positions": {
              "position": "goaltender"

What I need to do is change my positions codes to my new ones so for example my FL2 will be PLFL2

I’ve managed to get to the positions code but I’m not sure as to how I should go about pushing the new code up without loosing data.

Here is my codes

$old_code = "FL2";
$new_code = "PLFL2";

$json = json_decode(file_get_contents(storage_path('/players.json')));

$result = [];
foreach ($json as $key => $value)
  foreach($value->hobbies as $hobbiesCode => $hobby)
    foreach ($hobby->positions as $positionCode => $position)
      $positionCode = $new_code;

and that is where I get stuck. I’m not sure how to now go and update my json file with the new codes

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Author: Aurilie

Doing a validation check on a AJAX post and returning the error message

I have an AJAX post that does this

                    type: "POST",
                    url: "@MyWebSite.Url/myController/myView",
                    contentType: "application/json; charset=utf-8",
                    JSON.stringify({ myModel: myData }),
                    dataType: "json",
                    traditional: true,
                    success: function () {
                    error: function () {
                        alert('Error! ');

My controller does the validation check but it is not correctly returning the error message.
This is what my controller looks like

 if (totalQty < part.QtyInItem)
                        //ModelState.AddModelError("", "There is " + part.QtyInItem + " of Part " + part.PartName + " used in item " + part.ItemID + " but you only handled " + totalQty + ". Please verify you are handling all parts used in the item.");
                        //RedirectToAction("myControler", myModel);
                        return this.Json(new { success = false, message = "There is " + part.QtyInItem + " of Part " + part.PartName + " used in item " + part.ItemID + " but you only handled " + totalQty + ". Please verify you are handling all parts used in the item." });

When I tried adding an error to the model state it just returned “ERROR!” and not the error message I had associated with it. And when I try doing the this.JSON return it returns “success” to the view and not the error message.

How can I do this validation check for my AJAX post

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Author: ryan

Perform SELECT using WHERE IN clause on JSON Object in MySQL

I have a json column in MySQL which contains a list of items for eg.

"style": {"style1", "style2", "style3", "style4", "style5"}

I want to search all the rows which contain the styles I specify through an array like IN clause like WHERE style IN(["style1", "style3"])

Is there any workaround or easy way to get this working?

Please help.. Thanks

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Author: girish

postgresql error while using column values in jsonb_set function

I am trying to update a field value in jsonb column with text value present in another column but getting some syntax errors; not getting any solution.

i am trying to swap values of OutgoingVertexid & IncomingVertexId in below JSONB


so used below code by putting all values OutgoingVertexid & IncomingVertexid value in temp table.

UPDATE temp_table 
        owner_property = CASE 
                            WHEN owner_outgoing_edge IS NOT NULL 
                                THEN jsonb_set(owner_property, '{OutgoingVertexid}', '""')
                                jsonb_set(owner_property, '{OutgoingVertexid}', ''||owner_incoming_edge::jsonb||'') 

but getting below error:

ERROR: invalid input syntax for type json LINE 7: … jsonb_set(owner_property, ‘{OutgoingVertexid}’, ”””||ow… ^ DETAIL: Token “‘” is invalid.


Thanks in Advance

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Author: VBAGuy

Architecture of optimized sync of JSON data to a (cloud) server

I’m building an application that generates JSON data based on the user’s notes. The notes are rich data that contain task lists and other types of elements inside it, so I use JSON format to store it. It currently saves this data to the browser’s local storage using JSON.stringify.

Now I’m building a feature that saves this data to a cloud server, but since the nature of the notes is that they constantly change, sending a big stringified object to the server at every note update (even if it has a 5-second debounce) seems a bit crazy to me. Depending on the size of the note, I’d have some 300kb calls or more to the server for a simple typo correction. Not good.

So I’ve looked into some services that support rich data JSON storage, such as Google’s Cloud Firestore or Amazon’s DynamoDB. Both look promising, but I’m still trying to wrap my head around my architecture for this. Here’s my plan so far:

  1. I’ll read the JSON from the server and keep a local object.
  2. At every local change, I’ll analyze the difference down the object tree and make some sort of diff string
  3. I’ll send only this diff string so the server can analyze and update its record.

Well, that seems to work. I would send a few bytes requests to the server, and not 300kb. It would require some code to analyze and generate the diff, but ok so far.

Now the server part is where my challenge is. Both Cloud Firestore and DynamoDB have rich data change functions, but it seems that for both, these operations must be pre-established according to the data itself, in other words, you must know the dataset in advance in order to make operations on it. Since my notes’ JSON are a dynamic dataset, I have no way of writing custom updates and inserts on it, it must be dynamically calculated via some sort of diff mechanism.

My questions are:

  1. Is this a good way to approach this problem or is there something I could be doing that would make things better/easier?
  2. Are there any cloud services, NoSQL databases, query languages, or libraries that would allow for this type of optimized dynamic JSON document update architecture?
  3. Would this be a good use case for GraphQL?

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Author: raphadko