How do I identify, characterize and detect if trusted CAs compromised?

How do I identify, characterize and detect if trusted CAs compromised?

What is the best approach to use in identifying, characterizing and detecting compromised CAs? I do not mean an invalid certificate or invalid CA that can be identified by an X.509 during validation process. I am looking for a tool/approach that can identify and detect “trusted CA that is actually compromised. For example the cause of compromisation like attacker Impersonate or compromise CA key and try to issue fraudulent certificate/ fake CRL.

A part from existing methods such as CT, key pinning, DANE etc which partly address some issues related to CA compromised.

I there a way from method like Blockchain, Machine learning or any role based approach can be used to first identify, characterize and detect if trusted CA really compromised?

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Author: abba garba